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Workplace design functionality

Several types of workplace injuries result from continual stress or cumulative-trauma disorders. A North Carolina worker with poor posture or joint position while repeatedly performing a task can cause undue stress and consequent injury to an otherwise healthy joint. Inferior workstation design and repeated task performance can prove detrimental to an office worker's health.

Workplace injuries are a common cause of time away from work. Lower back pain, neck pain or headaches, carpal tunnel syndrome, bursitis and tendonitis are some of the most common workplace injuries, costing industries and their employees billions of dollars annually. Ergonomics is a science that deals with designing and arranging things so that people can use them easily and safely. Ergonomic principles within the workplace make it easier for employees to do their jobs safely and productively.

The three basic principles that govern proper ergonomics are proper lifting techniques, periodic changes of position and avoiding extremes within joint range of motion. Larger muscle groups should be used to perform lifting tasks. Periodically assuming different positions while working will increase comfort and decrease muscle fatigue. In addition, workers making use of their joints while keeping them away from extreme ranges of motion will help them to avoid injuries. Properly timed workplace breaks involving walking and stretching will also alleviate stress.

Medical bills that result from workplace injuries can possibly be minimized with proper workplace design and functionality. If an employee is harmed while performing job-related duties, the business owner could possibly be held liable. With the advice of legal counsel, an injured person might be able to recover lost wages, medical expenses and disability payments as necessary.

Source: CDA Press, "Workplace ergonomics", Dr. Wendy, June 18, 2014

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